Starting from seed to safeguard biodiversity
Vines are traditionally propagated using the vegetative method, through massal selection or clonal selection. While the latter involves the creation of a new vineyard from one or a few genetically identical vines, massal selection involves the reproduction of an entire vineyard in order to maintain maximum genetic variability within the same variety.
But is there a technique that allows not only the preservation of this heritage, but also the promotion and increase of genetic biodiversity? The answer lies in seeds.
Several years ago, we revived the ancient practice of sowing the grape pips of our best vines to generate new seedlings, in order to select “fresh” new genetic material suited to the current climatic conditions.
New prospects for viticulture
Propagation from seed may be one of the best responses to the increased fragility of the vine in the face of changing environmental conditions. With this practice it is possible to obtain daughter-vines that are very similar to the parent, but with some different, unique characteristics.
Just as in the human species, in the world of nature this mutability can become a decisive element for evolution.
Adapted varieties prove to be more resistant to fungal diseases and climatic fluctuations. Moreover, this technique opens up interesting scenarios for the selection of new varieties, as has been the case since the origins of viticulture.